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related article: Freshwater Fish in a Garden Pond
Fish in a garden pond live from plant substances like plankton, floating pond plants or tiny roots of pond plants floating in the water. Also larva of insects, worms and other small animals as eaten by some species. Overall most pond fish enjoy getting fed with commercial fish food.
Feeding fish in the pond, is a great event each day, when the whole swarm of your pond fish snap for their catch.
Fish feeding in a pond gives pleasure to young and old and offers interesting studies of your aquatic animals from a very close distance.
Even those pond fish, that live in deeper zones of your garden pond will come to the water surface as soon as you start feeding fish with granulate food or dry fish food. Many pond fish enjoy the more easy way of getting fed than searching the natural resources on a long voyage through their artificial water world.
There are various kind of taste and digestibility for different species of pond fish. You will find special food for summer and easily digestible winter food at your fish dealer.
Koi fish food is offered to support and strengthen your Asian Koi Fish in a Garden Pond. You can install an automatic fish feeder and set it up to provide a fixed amount of food for your pond fish each day at the same time.
Numerous fish food products vary in kind and composition of their ingredients as well as in their quality. We advice only to buy high quality fish food to feed your pond animals. High quality food e.g. floats quite long on the water surface and does not sink immediately to the ground.
So all fish have enough time to eat all provided food and no leftover will stay in the water creating nutrient for algae growth. Feeding fish with low quality food can also be the cause of unwanted Fish Diseases in a Garden Pond.
Correct fish feeding in a pond means to provide your fish at more or less the same area of the pond, once or twice a day, at quite constant hours, just so much food as your fish can eat within a few minutes. Do not overfeed your animals and even a day of fasting from time to time will not hurt your animals. Do not throw so much food in your garden pond that many leftover float a long time on the water and sink down to the ground at last. This will produce unnecessary and unwanted nutrients in the water an increase algae to spread rapidly.
Try to keep the menu interesting for your animals in the water. You will find fish food rich in vitamins, food products rich in minerals and fish feeding products, that also contain those trace elements, that your garden pond needs to develop a healthy pond fauna. Fish food with minerals and vitamins strengthen the immune system of your fish and their resistance against fish diseases. Commercial fish food can be mixed with pieces of bread, pearl barley or rolled oats. Such a menu change is well appreciated by Koi and goldfish.
Most popular kinds of fish food, that can be fed as single or mixed fish products:
Most pond fish are quite undemanding about their food. With correct feeding your water animals will become friendly and trusting. May be after continuous fish feeding - e.g. your goldfish and Koi with crumbs or little pieces of bread - your fish may even eat out of your hand after some time. During pond season in summer you can feed your fish once or twice a day. In winter you should reduce feeding not more than once a day and only with easily digestible winter products.
If ever you pond pump stops functioning in your Koi Pond, stop feeing your Koi fish. Koi need much more oxygen after eating than before. The fact that Koi can easily survive about 2 weeks without eating, gives you enough time to adjust the lack of oxygen and fix the non functioning pond pump.
When fish hibernate in a garden pond, breathing slows down to save energy and to survive cold winter temperatures. Some species stop eating completely, others reduce eating enormously. For Goldfish and Koi you will find in pet shops and garden center easily digestible wheat germ food.
As soon as the bacteria in the digestive tract of your fish become less active in winter, it becomes harder for your aquatic animals to digest high-protein food. Feed once a day and only as much as your fish can eat within a few minutes. Make sure that no leftover will float uneaten and sink to the bottom. The disintegration would create unwanted gases in your garden pond during wintertime.
Stop feeding your freshwater fish completely after temperatures have dropped below 50°F, even if your fish might eat. You may even harm some fish or cause problems to their digestive tract, if you continue providing their regular diet or undigested food.